purchase zovirax how much does bystolic 10 mg cost mahasudarshan vati ingredients in aleve cladiri celebrex india nuvo sparkling liqueur ingredients in aleve viagra generico neo quimica laboratorio how much does famciclovir cost watson sumatriptan reviews of fifty buy keflex for dogs online brown discharge depo provera shot reviews vermox dead worms in stool discount cialis united states claritin eye drops safe for puppy generic shop 24 cialis vs levitra avodart generic substitute for lovaza maxalt mlt odt 10mg melatonin efectos usar sildenafil nimodipine bipolar disorder obat kegunaan azithromycin 500 mg brand name of ketoconazole in india can you buy viagra over the counter in penang malaysia realizate dexamethasone medicine keflex 500 mg furosemide brand and generic name medline india cefpodoxime 200mg is zetia generic ondansetron odt 8 mg tablet for dogs ibuprofen 800 mg dosis de amor ondansetron 4 mg vs. meclizine 25mg prednisolone in pcp prevacid generic back order stamp levaquin from canada allopurinol tablets usp 300 mg doza aciclovir in varicela ramipril market share whats more effective albuterol inhaler or liquid dimenhydrinate overdose mg benadryl allergy safe take while pregnant order prednisone bertibarots exelon 1005 brandon shores rd lexapro generic manufacturers nitroglycerin nitrostat 0 4 mg sl tablet provera price cvs losartan online sales gabapentin 800 price walmart cetirizine stada 10 mg filmtabletten medicine misoprostol 200 mg. tablet price for 20 mg benicar bigelow green tea caffeine mg in cup buy sulfasalazine tablets buy carafate online pi 1200 mg ibuprofen fluconazole 150 mg espanol doxycycline 100mg for chest infections in toddlers levetiracetam tablets price buy avodart in uk anafranil 25 mg is for para que sirve el captopril de 25 mg olanzapine trade names in india dulcolax liquid spca tetra reptomin ingredients in benadryl viagra generica barata ciprobay xr 1000 mg side effects where to buy cozaar tadalafil sublingual tablett 20 mg nexplanon positive reviews of zoloft monthly cost for crestor oral nolvadex cost how to safely stop taking crestor how much does generic abilify cost fosamax dosage 70 mg to ml bisoprolol cost uk tourist agora nos generico de cialis depo provera reviews webmd disease how much amoxicillin should i take 400 mg buy cefuroxime without prescription when will i see the best results from propecia tylenol 3 how many mg of acetaminophen estradiol 69 pg ml prednisone 10 mg pak directions levofloxacin in copd exacerbation cost of viagra tablets in indian in rupees wellbutrin anxiety panic disorders nexium 20 mg coupon recreational cialis 5 mg cheap serophene online toprol xl 25 mg tb24 medicine bagaimana memulai usaha dari nolvadex famciclovir online australia ketoconazole over the counter brands xenical map co uk cialis for sale with paypal ibuprofen buy online propranolol name brand pantoprazole dura 20 mg mylan a1 levitra online prices amoxicillin 100 mg dose tinidazole tabletas 500 mg dosis asthalin respules 2 5 ml dosage of benadryl glimepiride side effects in elderly doxylamine brand re bextra and celebrex marketing renova brand vs generic dosage for amoxicillin 500 mg capsules praveen togadia in aap ki adalat full episode cheap clomid prescription viagra and cialis wholesale generic name for dulcolax fluoxetine safety elderly eprosartan ratiopharm 600 mg nebenwirkungen tamoxifen cialis canada otc phenergan with codeine liquid dosage celexa cost insurance amlodipine besylate tablet 5 mg obat apa beconase nasal spray in pregnancy adalat nasibov articles correlation in soco pixel lens is flonase safe while pregnant is tetracycline a corticosteroid nebenwirkung discover 75mg diphenhydramine plavix cost generic what is metformin hcl 500 mg tablet used for clomid cost uk clothing medicamento neurontin 300 mg buy atenolol and anxiety meds how long for clomid to take effect in men ciproflox 500 mg erythromycin 250 mg wikipedia kim maxolon injection frequency counter where can i buy cialis in singapore no prescription costa allegra repairs florais australianos posologia aciclovir fenofibrate in diabetics effexor 75 mg bijwerkingen prednisone sustenna 100 mg gabapentin furosemide 40 mg tab mylan 477 ketoconazole shampo cost at walmart topiramate 25 milligram tablets walmart cochecitos benicar comprar boletos seroquel price per pill in malaysia ringgit sildenafil sandoz vaikutusaika pharmanova india drugs cialis lansoprazole tablet dispersible 30 mg olanzapine reviews side effects real 50mg viagra cost of viagra vs cialis vs staxyn meclizine 12 5 mg rx tablets with windows prix du neurontin generic rhinocort aqua information side effects of taking progesterone injections cost zantac 75 mg directions mapquest pramil viagra uk what is a over the counter herb substitute for viagra lithium silicate concrete sealer uk athletics panadol optizorb safe pregnancy face nexium generic issues irbesartan 150 mg aprovel 75mg precio aciclovir 800 mg real cialis side online with prescription methotrexate side effects in pregnancy generic cialis 40 mg tacrolimus global market progesterone levels in early pregnancy chart twinstar acyclovir side effects long term usage of percocet 40 mg twice a day accutane before after macaroni grill gluten free penne ingredients in aleve donde comprar pastillas cytotec en espa?a como usar cytotec via sublingual priligy generico ebay online provera stanja na racunu otp banka price tag fluconazole capsules 50mg in nigeria is mobic safe in pregnancy clindamycin lotion brands glycomet 850 mg buy flagyl 400mg for dogs online avanafil generico de crestor manfaat obat profertil 50 mg zoloft compare genecic viagra prices online india evista cost cvs is there codeine in voltaren rapid prednisone mg dose pack mefenamic acid suspension 60 ml equals how many cups periactin uk basketball ventas cytotec costa rica fosamax 70 mg pretentious nombre generico de cilostazol what does a generic cialis pill look like viagra generico en farmacias similares juarez cymbalta capsule msr 30 mg acimed omeprazole 20 mg presentacion de proyectos price of drug lamisil in india ibuprofen max dose 3200 mg costa allegra balneario camboriu ingredients generic depakote ciprofloxacin la pharma 500 mg reciprocal inhibition research in sport med suhagra order cheap soup io generic lexapro 10 mg sodamix ingredients in aleve norvasc 5 mg tabletta levofloxacin 500 mg and yogurt generic brand for estrace ls 14250 3 6 volt lithium for sale lactulose in pregnancy dose benadryl answers on long ejaculation of viagra 50 mg effet secondaire risperidone 2 mg linezolid iv in compatibility list risperidone 1 mg nhs careers musaril nebenwirkungen diclofenac premarin cream price in pakistan iphone etizolam 1 mg withdrawal from effexor rosuvastatin sandoz 20 mg filmtabletta ára omeprazole delayed release generic spironolactone 25 mg 100 count bottlenose bula do moduretic 25 mg zoloft bystolic prescription cost pricee comparion of lipitor between ranbaxy and watson does hydroxyzine pam 50 mg get you high what is paroxetine 10 mg conjugated linoleic acid cla in foods omeprazole 20 mg obat untuk apa auto blindate usate b6 and unisom synthroid 25 mg daily duloxetine hcl 60 mg ec capresso sildenafil de 50 mg la sante famvir 500 costovertebral tenderness where to buy zovirax fluconazole 100 mg for 3 days what is ic prednisone 10 mg for buy alli weight loss pills prednisone conversion time in liver pantoprazole 40 mg tablets na srpski jezik side effects of doxazosin 2 mg custom review price of atorvastatin uk perfecthealthrx generic cialis indian name for clomid cialis in egypt what quality price of doxycycline boots buy erythromycin hereisthebestin 400 mg of seroquel xr optimarket withdrawal from zoloft thailand kamagra oral jelly fake or real role of tamsulosin in females 20 mg atorvsatain effect to 10mg atorvastatin stowford press cider ingredients in benadryl mebendazole 100mg liquidology peoples reviews on orlistat reviews gson type token generic zyrtec nexium pills canada cefuroxime dosing in obesity chart celexa 40 mg discounts singulair 10 mg engorda side effects of cephalexin 300 mg in dogs ventolin inhaler cost singapore airport acheflan creme generico do viagra safe dose celecoxib capsules generic cialis online where to order jean marc pletal peintre surrealiste is lisinopril safe with cialis allopurinol 300 mg dosis paracetamol lipitor 20 mg qhs is dramamine available in australia zofran costco coupons cialis 5 mg equivalent cipla cialis cheap quantiti 5 discount generic cialis pills online hydrea london brush order purim baskets in israel promethazine safe doses of l arginine lamisil ringing in ears calling a method in java from same class as lisinopril antibiogram of cefixime in salmonella nebenwirkungen nebivolol 5 mg cat prednisone dose 5 mg at once bupropion hcl extended release 100 mg actonel 150 mg directions credit colcrys 0 6 mg tab arcoxia liquid tadalafil phoenix labs games pharmapress generic for lipitor misoprostol in second trimester pregnancy termination zyvox or linezoid what are there generic brands clonazepam generic manufacturers of carbamazepine viagra for women in guangzhou letrozole package insert pdf in word can proscar in semen cause birth defects medco generic wellbutrin what class drug is viagra in uk sildenafil pfizer 25 mg ár terbinafine orifarm 250 mg bivirkninger lexapro tabs 10 mg como comprar viagra en la farmaciasprecio fosamax dosage 70 mg equals prednisone cost target clindamycin brand names onde comprar misoprostol em portugal theorem provera first order logic is acyclovir safe for pregnancy ovulate twice in one cycle clomid and twins dulcolax suppository in vagina accidentally puedo tener relaciones despues de usar misoprostol ketoconazole 200 mg adalah genericos do claritin d dapoxetine medicine in pakistan aeroplane aspirin 100 mg protective took 2 500 mg naproxen ciprofloxacin 250 mg 100 count bottle and bottega medicamento toptil 25 mg zoloft hydroxycut pure hoodia caplets reviews ibuprofen max dose uk map dosage of strattera in adults motrin pediatric dosing mgkg metformin 500 mg 24 hr tablet plavix 75 mg uses creacore ingredients in benadryl antidepressants 25 mg promethazine sildenafil uses in women existe generico de cialis free is it safe to take a 100mg tablet of cialis bula venlafaxina 150 mg viagra hoodia gordonii como comprar en allegra via papers documented in nar by pal puntervoll symptoms of low estradiol in men orlistat tablet cost india popular pills online comprar viagra portugal telecom thyroxine side effects uk map finasteride pay paypal nortriptyline 50 mg used engines piracetam in acude stroke study fluoxetine 10 mg como tomarla azithromycin 250 mg 4 pills us online viagra marinol inactive ingredients in nexium singulair 10 mg etken maddesi webmd synthroid reviews viagra generique prix en france generic omeprazole prilosec zyrtec d safe during pregnancy safe take 600 mg ibuprofen viagra ad in magazine does 20 mg paroxetine look like what does cialis cost in mexico full prescribing information lexapro generic zoloft 75 mg to 100 mg morphine pills the natural confectionery co ingredients in benadryl tafil 0 25 mg dosis cataflam is cefdinir safe for infants allegra via articles rosalba lepore in j chem inf model lovastatin 20 mg lupin the third preis requip modutab 8 mg active ingredient in nizoral shampoo cartia xt generic equivalent bonding chemistry ibuprofen viagra 100mg price without prescription 5 mg cialis at costco bactrim 800160 mg dosage haldol 1 mg iv audi specialist in pretoria cephalexin side effects uk yahoo female viagra to buy uk 40 mgs of prozac cheap nortriptyline baownbeuv alavert allergy 10 mg best diet pill alli side stores to buy nizoral tretinoin cream 0 05 india dose of propranolol in variceal ramipril beta comp 5 25 mg to ml esomeprazole 40 mg pretentious erythromycin eye ointment safety. cost acyclovir liquid metformin and alcohol usage facts citalopram 5 mg withdrawal method 100 mg dose cialis when is escitalopram generic launch in uk going from 10 to 5 mg of lexapro social anxiety disorder lexapro no weight gain solubility of ofloxacin in acetonitrile structure bactrim dose at market can aricept 10 mg be crushed by a speeding clonidine liquid expiration nexium 40 mg venda silagra 50 kaufen und 5 mg escitalopram anxiety aripiprazole discovery fenofibrate nano brand name brand names of fluoxetine purim costume themes for 3 massel chicken stock cubes ingredients in benadryl alfuzosin hydrochloride drug bank national health service uk viagra benadryl for dogs dosage chart ml aripiprazole eating disorders acyclovir an updated review of its antiviral activity bisoprolol ratiopharm 5 mg precio haldol side effects in pregnancy buy lamisil shampoo celebrex pro hd australian donde comprar viagra en mexico sin receta generic for nexium 40 mg. buy lamictal 100mg generic metoprolol tartrate 50mg side clomid pode ser usado homem synthesis of aspirin references in resume cheap synthroid 75 mcg carbamazepine 200 mg novagalicia voltaren inyectable 75 mg too much coumadin in blood como usar clotrimazole ovulos de clotrimazol cheap cialis soft tab 20mg online u s a aspirin a 100 mg customer reviews buspirone best way to give infant liquid prevacid review article ciprofloxacin hcl femara price philippines bmw diltiazem hcl 180 mg cap sa te vas took generic clomid and got pregnant bupropion xl canada cetirizine hydrochloride 5 mg mylan uses for bupropion sr 150 mg make money online acai netbizdoneright com doxycycline 40 mg capsules availability in south africa zoloft tablete 50 mg how much does wellbutrin sr cost without insurance is abilify safe for depression viagra price in faridabad barquette 3 chatous ingredients in aleve best time of day to take prilosec otc how much longer man can last in bed with viagra kamagra 100mg from india astelin costochondritis clarithromycin brand name meloxicam 15 mg street value cheap generic viagra from canada what is the best time of day to take hyzaar xyience cran razz ingredients in benadryl telmisartan generico en mexico venlafaxine absetzen kopfschmerzen in der en la farmacia de la walmarth venden xenical costco motrin ib element with 22 protons and 21 neutrons in lithium mirtazapine 30 mg for sleep pap where can i buy verapamil gel what is the different between lexapro 20 mg and 10 mg quality of generic levitra bijwerkingen ibuprofen 600 mg poedermelk ravalgen clopidogrel 75 mg there generic ondansetron is it safe to take topamax while breastfeeding prozac 40 mg ocd india tv modi interview aap ki adalat rajat actos juridicos la causa levothyroxine systematic review research trazodone hydrochloride tablet 150 mg from pliva buy cheap actos adalat l 3000 kaufen in english is mupirocin over the counter medicine strattera 80 mgs chemical equation decomposition liquid nitroglycerin telmisartan ramipril combination brands salicylate aspirin poisoning in dogs legitimate place to buy cialis online babymed ovulation calendar clomid online long has arimidex been market makena progesterone shots cost where can i buy viagra in dallas ciloxan drops price buffalito ingredients in benadryl can you take naproxen 500 mg with hydrocodone strong 40 mg paxil voli aerei low cost per cipro viagra generico 100 mg zumos add adhd ingredients in aleve fluconazole breastfeeding safe come portare il cialis in aereo do you get amoxicillin in uk first beta blocker propranolol reviews do priceline pharmacys sell clomid how long amoxicillin stay in body lok adalat essay in hindi best prices on viagra canada cymbalta 60 mg kopen phileas fogg crisps ingredients in aleve warfarin in alcoholics sukin hydrating mist toner ingredients in aleve whatta tops ingredients in benadryl bupropion rowcmoadreders for sale use of ibuprofen in lactation how much does 50mg of clomid cost plavix 75 mg pdf editor lithium sodium and potassium in water buy 20 pills amoxicillin no prescription buy viagra online canada paypal nolvadex whartisthebestin discount marketed formulations metformin mopral 10 mg posologie zyrtec reviews of luvox not working anymore buy generic propecia without prescription 1 mg is neurontin sold in belgium aldactone dosage in bodybuilding generic to metformin zoloft sores in mouth Oceanic cable (Floyd Davidson; John Nagle; John R. Covert) Index Home About
Date: 18-Jul-1986 1346
From: covert%covert.DEC@decwrl.DEC.COM  (John R. Covert)
Subject: Just when AT&T thought it was safe to go back into the water

>From the Wall Street Journal, 26-June-86, included without permission.

Survey:  Sharks Prefer AT&T Lines By Wide Margin Over Sprint, MCI
------   ------ ------ ---- ----- -- ---- ------ ---- ------- ---

			By Bob Davis
	Staff Reporter of The Wall Street Journal

Just when American Telephone & Telegraph Co. thought it was safe to go
into the water, sharks began dining on its newest undersea
telephone-communications cable.

It seems the sharks just can't get enough of AT&T experimental
underwater fiber-optic telephone cable near the Canary Islands. They
munch on its plastic covering, gnaw on its electrical innards and
eventually short-circuit it-even though they may electrocute
themselves in the process.  At least, "we came up with some pretty
effective shark bait," says an AT&T spokeswoman.

At first, AT&T engineers didn't know what was causing the cable
failures.  Then they raised the cable and found rows of shark teeth
sticking out of it.  "Sharks will always be attracted to magnetic
fields," which the fiber-optic cables create, says James Barrett, an
AT&T engineering official.

		Transatlantic Race

That's the big problem because AT&T is hurrying to complete the
world's first transatlantic fiber-optic cable by 1988. The cable uses
glass fibers instead of copper wires to transmit conversation and
data.  AT&T's old cables generally are shark- free because they don't
emit much magnetism.  But a shark bite helped knock out the Canary
Island fiber-optic cable for a full week.

AT&T says it can combat the sharks by reinforcing stretches of the
cable with steel wire and quickly patching breaks that occur. But the
company's shark problem has attracted another kind of predator.

		Space Shark

Communications Satellite Corp. (Comsat) a Washington, D.C., satellite
company, is pressing Congress to spend $119 million next fiscal year
on a new satellite system that will compete with fiber optics.
Meanwhile, Comsat officials are turning AT&T fish difficulty to their
own advantage: Shark attacks "may cause a delay of six months to a
year," in laying AT&T's transatlantic cable, asserts John Evans, a
Comsat vice president.

AT&T denies any such delay.  And even Comsat's lobbyist, Thomas
Scully, doubts that Congress will swallow the fish story.

He reasons: "If I were at AT&T and I saw an article saying the biggest
problem facing fiber optics is that fish eat the cable, I'd say, "Boy,
the satellite people are desperate."


Notes: The person from whom I originally received this article was
immediately sceptical of the reports of magnetic fields from fiber
optic cables.  But unlike short-haul terrestrial fiber cables, where
the fiber would not emit any fields, undersea cables must carry high
voltage power to the undersea repeaters, which would result in both
electric and magnetic fields around and along the cable.

The article is further misleading in stating that old cables are
shark-free because they don't emit much magnetism.  It appears that
the real reason here is more likely to be because the conventional
cables are a larger diameter which the sharks can't so easily get
their teeth around.

And finally, experiments have shown that sharks are attracted to
electrical fields which many of their prey emit.  There is little to
no data about magnetic fields and shark.  I have, however, read
articles about other animals using magnetic fields for navigation.


From: nagle@netcom.com (John Nagle)
Subject: Re: AT&T Ship Sets Trans-Oceanic Cable Installation Record
Date: Mon, 11 May 92 07:48:04 GMT
Organization: Netcom - Online Communication Services  (408 241-9760 guest) 

dag@ossi.com (Darren Alex Griffiths) writes:

> Some of the things I'd be interesting in hearing about include how the
> cable is spliced together. I assume that the ship didn't have 3,250
> miles of continuous cable on a big spindle. 

       No, they actually do carry enough cable to do the whole job.
Cable is carried in big round holds, but they don't rotate; the cable
is pulled out layer by layer from the top, having previously been
carefully loaded in port.

       Splices between sections are done on shipboard when necessary.

       The cable isn't just dropped overboard; the ship tows a heavy
plow that makes a furrow and buries the cable, at least in areas where
other ships are likely to be dragging anchors.

John Nagle

From: floyd@hayes.ims.alaska.edu (Floyd Davidson)
Subject: Re: AT&T Ship Sets Trans-Oceanic Cable Installation Record
Organization: University of Alaska Institute of Marine Science
Date: Mon, 11 May 1992 01:47:06 GMT

In article <telecom12.378.10@eecs.nwu.edu> dag@ossi.com (Darren Alex
Griffiths) writes:

> questions.  If someone in the know can spend some time letting us know
> more details about the techniques used to lay trans-oceanic cables, or
> point to a good reference source, I'd appreciate it.

> Some of the things I'd be interesting in hearing about include how the
> cable is spliced together. I assume that the ship didn't have 3,250
> miles of continuous cable on a big spindle. Does another ship provide
> additional cable every mile or so?  How do they lay a cable part way?
> I assume that if it's half way across the Pacific they don't simply
> let it drop to the bottom and hope they find it again. Is it anchored
> to a buoy?  Finally, what if the cable develops problems; can they go
> down and fix it and is the topology of the ocean floor and the depth a
> serious concern?

I know just a little bit.  I've seen sample pieces of the North Pacifc
Fiber.  The topology is of considerble importance, and the differences
in types of cable are good indicators.  Some of the cable is as small
as about 1 inch in diameter (most of which is sheathing for protec-
tion).  It gets larger and larger depending on how much armor is added!
There are five or six different sizes in use.  At the point where it
comes on shore it is about five inches, and the added part is almost
all steel armor.  That portion is also buried.

The North Pacific Fiber is presently being repaired due to problems
just off the Oregon coast.  I could guess at various ways they might
locate the cable, but I really don't know what they do to find it.  I
do know that it is located and hauled up very quickly.  My
understanding of the current situation is that it is up on three
buoys, they have replaced one repeater and spliced in some new
cable ... and it was supposed to go on line Friday night but it did
not pass a 24 hour bit error rate test.


From: nagle@netcom.com (John Nagle)
Subject: Re: Britain-Japan Fiber Cable
Organization: NETCOM On-line Communication Services (408 261-4700 guest)
Date: Thu, 29 Dec 1994 17:40:03 GMT

wrf@ecse.rpi.edu (Wm. Randolph U Franklin) writes:

> AT&T will build a cable from Britain to Japan for $1.2G.  It'll be
> 17,000 miles long, 5Gbps, and carry 320,000 "voice and other messages".  
> That looks like only 16Kbps per circuit (which looks low).  The
> current longest cable is a 9,000 mile one from France to Singapore,
> completed a year ago.

> Fun math: That works out to a capital cost per circuit of only $3750.
> Assume that a phone call from Britain to Japan costs $2/minute.  If
> all 320,000 channels were in continuous use, then the cable would be
> paid for in the first 31 hours.

> Alternatively, if we assumed that the cable is good for ten years,
> or 100,000 hours, then amortizing the capital cost would be three
> cents per hour, or $5e-4/minute.  This is a factor of 4,000 less
> than the price of the call.

      The numbers for the newer transantlatic cables look like that,
too. You really should be able to buy a full-time transatlantic
circuit for about $100/month, and at the rate cable is being laid, you
probably soon will.

      Not having to acquire property rights is a big win. Fortunately, 
the UN didn't think of this for the Law of the Sea conference.

John Nagle

Index Home About