zoloft no prescription bactrim cause optic neuropathy zoloft and elevated cpk antibiotics that cause hair loss zyvox buea.net worldtravelandtourservices.com zyvox 600 mg patent expiry augmentin combinat cu lyrica harga acyclovir liquid different between flagyl pills anda morning after pill zofran 8 mg tablet dosage bactrim 3 times a day buspirone 10mg tab watson lamisil spray se puede usar en el pene mobic tab cheap viagra online ireland naproxen drug purchase fehmierduran.com levaquin dosing for sepsis does metronidazole heal fish wounds can nexium otc heal 2 pills isoptin 240 mg pret naproxen sodico 550 mg starpropertymanagement.us is cyproheptadine useful in irritable bowl syndrom amlodipine 10mg tab mylan redcaymanmedia.com medyczka.pl how long does an erection last with black ant pills fluconazole how long should i wait diflucan and burning sekerpinarosgb.com cflailesi.org erythromycin stearate 250 mg and alcohol farmacias en manta donde puedo comprar cytotec como se toma cytotec 200 price of femara in egypt what does the pms stand for in pms hydrochlorothiazide can you use nizoral 4 times a week for hair growth mortgagejaw.com developed joint pain on wellbutrin metronidazole 2g side effects sildenafil spain price of strong antibiotic where can you buy azithromycin dipyridamole 150 mg aml.ca ansbach-direkt.de bupropion xl 600 mg can you get high off of amlodipine besylate purchase synthroid cipro 1000 mg side effects when does anxietynwear off on sertraline cflailesi.org wowhomes.biz how long is it safe to take doxycycline for acne dubcampaign.com accutane 5th month breakout deserteichler.com premarin nose drops side effects THUMBUY.COM tablet viagra 100mg audiomaximus.com insurancetravelguide.com 100mg viagra equals cealis hydroxyzine 75 mg anafranil draje yan etkileri hanhvyshop.vn kurs-speyer.de cabergoline online sale costo cytotec farmacias ahorro slp luvox cr 150 mg price mortgagejaw.com prednisone and fioricet interaction jinguxuexiao.com neurontin 1000 mg can i breast feed sandoz levofloxacin 500mg mirtazapine 15mg para dormir chatcopii.com farizol metronidazole itu obat tuk apa is 30 mg of remeron too much crystals of glimepiride sampiyonhaliyikama.com 400 mg seroquel street price muslim-academy.com furosemide vs hydrochlorothiazide diuretics heavyanalytics.com golfnewmexico.com urban-x.ba generic accutane coupons how often can you take indocin 25mg gabapentin cost at walmart how to hide azithromycin in food can duromine be taken with metformin azithromycin kill gonorrhea buy anafranil duloxetine tablets voltaren 50 mg untuk apa nexium side effects high ggt propranolol side effect osteoporose priligy dapoxetine in uae buy famvir tablets quetiapine fumarate 25 mg fluoxetine 40 mg anxiety bmmpm.com augmentin 125 dawkowanie montelukast kastorion vs kastair how to take10mg of prednisone for poison ivy metformin and elevated lfts frozen antibiotico zovirax tablet dosage for chickenpox i used erythromycin and my stomach is noisy aneyron.com can zofran make you sleepy accommodationmadeasy.com side effects from levitra kamagra 800 fluconazole 7 days after expiration date cytotec mercado costa rica para que sirve baclofen 10 mg tab diflucan 4 days manfaat obat novamox 500 amoxicillin aap ki adalat repeat telecast date tsbhl.com can i take embrel with sti infection antibiotics can i take 10mg of diazepam with amoxicillin 500mg gabapentin hund dosierung accommodationmadeasy.com meloxicam 15 mg tab side effects pliva 621 ketoconazole deca and propecia generic viagra differences are there a voltaren gel generic misoprostol arthrotec in the philippines urban-x.ba provera 9 days avmdtogo.org levothyroxine sodium 50 mcg for ivf chen-liu.com yxlylt.com cdfeorellana.com getting adjusted to wellbutrin rwmeierlaw.com dutasteride .5mg india can i can you take tylenol with zofran metformin uk buy buy doxycycline hyclate canada wxwy168.com duloxetine 120 cialis peak in blood stream tentang obat clozaril segtucson.com khasiat amlodipine besylate 5 mg when on viagra do you lose your boner after orgasm biolab.com.sg is melatonin ok to take with paxil what will hapen if i take 40mg of escitalopram tjbymy.com how much is provera in mercury drug baclofen 10 mg cost muslimdate.com prometrium 200 mg price esomeprazole iv 40 mg twice daily augmentin causing post nasal drip singulair 20 mg dosage right dosage to abort 3rd trimester using cytotec cipro 1000 mg dose doxycycline 100mg acne treatment ondansetron generic date piracanga.com.br americanfamilyenergy.com propranolol dosage for hyperthyroidism swasthiktv.com fluconazole pills for sale desogestrel patient.co.uk will viagra get my dick hard fexofenadine 180 mg para que sirve swasthiktv.com purchase topamax weight loss propranolol 10mg exam anxiety mirtazapine 30 mg antidepressivi seroquel 50 mg uses can you buy naprosyn propranolol online i take mirtazapine for atypical depression iranstrick-tiregroup.com biolab.com.sg accommodationmadeasy.com avoiding doxycycline side effects erythromycin ointment boots finasteride 3 years bying cialis in hong kong foodloversheaven.com zoloft side effects in men azithromycin price in saudi arabia ovulation pains on clomid nrgative test yxlylt.com prednisone 20mg side effects for regular period harga zoloral ketoconazole 200 mg cheap propecia in australia ketoconazole 2 cream over the counter avmdtogo.org does buspar have sulfa in it fehmierduran.com mixing terbinafine and amoxicillin where can u adopt from if u take zoloft cytotec dosis para abortar a las 7 semanas drhildaong.com trentacular.com withdrawl symptoms from 25mg og zoloft for three days tetracycline antibiotics price in mercury drug hanhvyshop.vn can taking 45mg of mirtazapine cause muscular back pain synthroid and thermogenics iranstrick-tiregroup.com generic premarin cream 0.625 mg tamsulosin effects of caffeine and or alchohol quetiapine fumarate e 100mg adderall xr 30 is liquid thyroxine vs capusle uses of erythromycin tablet nortriptyline average dosage 5htp with ativan cymbalta and seroquel diltiazem generic cost where to buy over the counter cytotec australia clomid opk test rosemontgroupfoundation.org foodloversheaven.com lasix injection price effects of coming off lisinopril side effects amoxicillin 250 mg capsules levocetizne montelukast and acibrophylline combination can 500 mg of ciproflaxcin be used for boils anafranil 500 side effects not taking metformin cialis side effects diabetes does lexapro cause acne buy viagra in durban how to buy cytotec online dogmail.com 555fs.com buy accutane canada pharmacy apparel-chic.com pastillas a domicilio misoprostol cytotec argentina bupropion australia pbs can i take advil cold and sinus with teva amoxicillin wellbutrin immediate effects sertraline trade name brtop.net montelukast intervention 14 yrs old can take valtrex 500mg drugs in the class of clopidogrel can misoprostol works after 4 months propecia minoxidil online comprar pomerania.szczecin.pl lipogen atorvastatin 10mg amlodipine besylate can it cause gout paladardigital.com side effects of spironolactone menstrual cycle amoxil inactive ingredients in oral suspension para que sirve lexapro 5mg weaning off .5 dexamethasone does bupropion xl raise creatinine level pharmacodynamic action of cephalexin on metformin can cialis work for more then one time para. q sirve. bactrim compositum. jarabe. para. ninos desogen for endometriosis zestril20 ki cara pemakaian flagyl vagina can amlodipine cause swelling can u snort levothyroxine montelukast brands japan para que sirve el ciprofloxacino 500 mg how does viagra look like creamost.com.py indomethacin 75mg er prednisone price costco bimar.it lq.gradgroup.com buspirone social anxiety viagra india buy mag kano ang cytotec amoxicillin yan etkileri nelerdir mutien.be lifesaverpoolfencesofnevada.com lisinopril 40 mg losartan equivalent dose can i take a double dose of valtrex aml.ca lbc4help.org side effect of taking clomid after 40 isoptin 40 mg tablet metronidazole 250 mean and work fotografie-cursus.net singulair buy online does amitriptyline for migraines increased appetite famvir 500 mg tablet skale.it phenergan syrup dosage for 2 months baby can i buy viagra over the counter at walmart canada ondansetron 4mg para que serve seroquel 25mg equivalent to olanzapine purchase estradiol cream micardis duo 80 10 mg finasteride untuk 21 tahun buy generic proscar online no prescription atarax 50 mg chatcufete.com ivermectin dosage for finches 5mg cialis and 100 mg viagra together ciprofloxacin 6 weeks canadian pharmacy viagra cialis lifesaverpoolfencesofnevada.com inflesco misoprostol hpmc 20mg taking kamagra without ed misoprostol online no prescription neurontin price philippines buy teva mirtazapine is lisinopril a maoi inhibitor anaheimangelsjersey.com sekerpinarosgb.com accutane and prednisone reviews how long after metformin can you take calcium andysternberg.com metronidazole gel during period cytotec and multiple sclerosis singulair dosage for adults shapirogalvinlaw.com heavyanalytics.com levofloxacin 500 mg and dairy products bukitpinus.com nortriptyline recommended dosage obat clomiphene citrate 50 mg hydroxyzine pa albuterol mcg dosage deserteichler.com association-secours-sante.cm elusionist.com dose of tetracycline for parrot amoxil without food how long does it take zovirax to work crwam walmart pharmacy olmesartan 20 mg creamost.com.py egyptgolftours.com chloramphenicol ointment australia brtop.net can you snort baclofen 20 mg multipal orgasms with levitra prednisone side effects in dogs skin paroxetine 20 mg buy batterymedix.com venta de cytotec en argentina buenos aires ansbach-direkt.de bactrim and the elderly can you take viagra if you are drunk csipropertyservices.com levothyroxine side effects vs synthroid ramrescuerigging.com prozac rapid weight loss bactrim bacterial coverage lisinopril best dosage time levofloxacin 500mg in italiano piracanga.com.br insideinsights.net buy maxalt online no prescription propranolol hppd propranolol wiki foodloversheaven.com MASTERRAFTING.COM misoprostol 1 hpmc dispersion msds woman viagra urdu can i drink flagyl after abortion cozaar xq side effects prozac sales in china walgreens tamsulosin price golden viagra ed aptmetrics.com metronidazole taken with keppra tb celecoxib batterymedix.com onlyhantang.com accutane 7 days imipramine 75 mg michalchrzanowski.com extratime 100 by sildenafil levaquin and alcohol side effects buying generic propecia online research tadalafil baclofen 10 mg get high trazodone 433 gelernt.net imambo.com lipitor identification slovenian dosage for levitra 700 mg seroquel cymbalta uk what is the work of alprazolam propranolol tablets fungsi metronidazole salep does pomegranate affect coumadin absorption chen-liu.com can celexa cause fever blisters kesan pengambilan cytotec 200pg misoprostol tomaszjedrzejewski.com jinguxuexiao.com desogestrel 125 mcg etinilestradiol 30 mcg does valacyclovir go bad bukitpinus.com nizoral anti dandruff shampoo mercury drug price brtop.net c4 sirop cyproheptadine hcl price of cialis at walgreens proventil 2.5 mg nebulizer levaquin no prescription bactrim f cura la clamidia buy albuterol cheap paxil side effects diarrhea how long amoxicillin kaplet same as capsule shof3qar.com all side effects of cephalexin estradiol dosage pills viagra prices cheapest how many days in a row is it safe to take levitra buy lopressor online no prescription can you take ibuprofen with amoxicillin 500mg finasteride 1 side effects do seroquel extended release make you sleep review harga obat salep acyclovir how long for propranolol 10mg to wear off prednisone for posion ivy doxepin dosierung sonorapork.com buy azithromycin chlamydia treatment fehmierduran.com ilium meloxicam purchase kakaanime.com walmart levitra 20mg price allcoinreviews.org canada viagra cialis on flagyl and white clumps how long until azithromycin is out of your system cuantas dosis de cytotec son necesarias can i buy clomid online uk wash out period for sertraline kamagra gel cara memakai metformin side effects wear off zyvox bioavailability zyvox cost of iphone5sreview.nl function of escitalopram oxalate and clonaepam fluconazole made in india increased mucus with lisinopril spacecityparent.com blackisbusiness.info baclofen ketoprofen lidocaine gabapentin cymbalta cost australia spacecityparent.com proventil generic available zofran without insurance diflucan 150 urdu wellbutrin 500mg trazodone 50 mg pill description where can i buy verapamil gel jandu viagra cif amoxil 500 mg discount viagra wholesale stores discount pharmacy etizolam and seroquel what would happen if i took cialis and viagra propranolol autism aggression onlineslotssystems.com paxil nursing considerations haltner.com will 3 weeks of ampicillin clear acne canadian pharmacy cheap cialis fexofenadine hydrochloride 120 mg dosage forhead rash from levitra cflailesi.org dutasteride for hair loss in india you tube how to use ketoconazole shampoo fast dissolving tablet of propranolol hcl effect of augmentin on typhoid fever amoxicillin trihydrate over the counter at boots biotin 2.5 mg propecia 2.5mg avodart 0.5 mg informacion en espanol gandhipucollege.com spotting taking prometrium 12 days in menopause 1000mg of amoxicillin cure chlamydia inderal 60 mg er aneyron.com can 10mg of accutane can cause initial break out can you take 5mg of cialis twice a day overuse of tadalafil lethal dose of metformin albuterol neb during pregnancy dubai company production ketoconazole liquid zofran zydis 4 mg 10 tb how to give metronidazole for discus serophene cost how long are side effects of prednisone escitalopram 10 mg coupon blackisbusiness.info em2nt.net metoprolol 95 mg preis

The UKUSA Community

Canadian SIGINT activities take place, and can only be understood, in the wider context of the UKUSA SIGINT community, a secret SIGINT alliance that traces its origins to the Second World War.[1] The post-war continuation of this intelligence alliance was formalized in 1947 or 1948 with the signing of the still-secret UKUSA SIGINT co-operation and information-sharing agreement between the United Kingdom and the United States.

The member agencies of the UKUSA community include the Communications Security Establishment, the United States' National Security Agency (NSA), the United Kingdom's Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), Australia's Defence Signals Directorate (DSD), and New Zealand's Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB). A number of other countries' SIGINT agencies also participate in the UKUSA community, including those of Germany, Japan, Norway, South Korea, and Turkey. These countries are sometimes described as "Third Party" members of the agreement.[2] In addition, some countries, such as China, host UKUSA SIGINT stations or share SIGINT on a more limited basis.

Canada's membership in the SIGINT community began during the Second World War. Recognizing the intelligence benefits that Canada derived from that membership, the Canadian government decided early in 1946 that Canada should remain a member of the post-war intelligence community. On 28 March 1946, the Canadian Chiefs of Staff Committee "approved the continuation of Service intercept stations in peacetime"[3] and, on 13 April 1946, cabinet ministers Louis St. Laurent, C.D. Howe, and Douglas Abbott authorized the establishment of CBNRC.[4]

From the outset, it was understood that Canada's SIGINT activities would not operate independently, but would be integrated with and contribute to the activities of the wider community - "to ensure a fair contribution to the general pool of wireless intelligence set up between Canada and the other Empire countries and the United States" and "to cover the gaps in coverage by the Empire and US positions".[5]

In 1946-1947, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand (represented by Australia) created the Commonwealth SIGINT Organization, under the leadership of GCHQ.[6] At about the same time, in 1947 or 1948, the United Kingdom and the United States signed the UKUSA agreement (which, according to one source, "actually consists of a series of agreements, exchanges of letters and memoranda of common understandings").[7] These two developments marked the formal creation of the post-war SIGINT community.

Canada (like Australia and New Zealand) became part of the UKUSA community through its direct SIGINT relationships with the United Kingdom and, later, the United States, rather than through membership in the actual UKUSA agreement.[8]

A number of subsidiary agreements govern the nuts and bolts of the community's activities in areas such as the division of effort for SIGINT collection, security standards, and so on. The division of effort is reportedly specified in a protocol called the SIGINT Combined Operating List (SCOL).[9] According to Jeffrey Richelson and Desmond Ball, "the current division of responsibility allocates coverage of the eastern Indian Ocean and parts of South East Asia and the South-west Pacific to the DSD; Africa and the Soviet Union east of the Urals to the GCHQ; the northern USSR and parts of Europe to the Canadian CSE; a small portion of the South-west Pacific to the New Zealand GCSB; and all the remaining areas of interest to the NSA and its component service agencies." As Richelson and Ball have noted, "the geographical division of the world is, in practice, of course not as clear cut as this."[10] NSA dominates the job of SIGINT collection on the former Soviet Union, for example. Nonetheless, CSE's contribution to the collection and analysis of SIGINT concerning the former Soviet Union remains important.

Security standards and procedures reportedly are specified "by a series of 'International Regulations on SIGINT,' generally referred to as IRSIGs, and a series of 'COMINT Security Regulations,' which together prescribe security procedures, including methods of personnel indoctrination, to which the participating governments have agreed. Both the IRSIGs and the COMINT Security Regulations are quite voluminous; they are regularly updated and are usually kept in large loose-leaf binders."[11]

Among these security procedures are standardized codewords for the designation and protection of SIGINT products. "UMBRA is the successor to DINAR and TRINE as the compartment with the most sensitive SI [Special Intelligence, i.e., signals intelligence] material. Less sensitive is the SPOKE compartment, which might contain information from intercepts of PLO communications. Least sensitive is the information in the MORAY compartment." There are also SIGINT subcategories with their own codeword designators. The general category for SIGINT concerning the Soviet Union, for example, was GAMMA. There are also subcategories within the subcategories: "Thus, a document might bear the classification TOP SECRET UMBRA GAMMA GYRO."[12] Special security clearances are required to gain access to this material.

In Canada, general access to SIGINT information or material requires a Top Secret-Special Access clearance. CSE is responsible for "approving the allocation of positions requiring special access (SA) to signals intelligence information and material, and maintaining the inventory of personnel cleared for access to such information and material".[13]

CANUSA Agreement

In addition to the general UKUSA community SIGINT agreements, Canada has bilateral SIGINT agreements with the United Kingdom and the United States. Negotiations for a direct Canada-United States SIGINT agreement (the CANUSA agreement) took place during 1948. According to a US Air Force memorandum that describes a draft version of the agreement, the CANUSA agreement is modelled at least in part on the UK-US BRUSA agreement and governs Canada-US co-operation on Communications Intelligence, which, for the agreement's purposes, is "understood to comprise all processes involved in the collection, production and dissemination of information derived from the communications of countries other than the U.S.A., the British Empire, and the British Commonwealth of Nations." According to the memorandum, the agreement provides for the exchange of COMINT information "on the request of each authority to meet the requirements of the COMINT centers for assistance in the efficient discharge of their mutually agreed-upon COMINT activities and undertakings" and "on a 'need to know' basis as determined by the originating authority." It also provides for the exchange of COMINT liaison officers between Canada and the United States.[14] The signing of the final version of the CANUSA agreement probably took place in 1949.[15] By mid-1949 or early 1950, Robert S. McLaren, one of Canada's original cryptanalysts, had become CBNRC's first SIGINT liaison officer to the United States.

Another Canada-United States SIGINT agreement was signed in 1950, establishing the joint Royal Canadian Navy-United States Navy high- frequency direction-finding net.[16] It is likely that dozens of lesser bilateral agreements and memoranda of understanding also exist.

Canada continues to maintain SIGINT liaison officers at NSA and GCHQ. There are also a number of other direct contacts between the organizations. CSE members often take SIGINT courses offered by NSA and GCHQ, for example, and some CSE members spend time working at NSA and GCHQ as "integrated members". Similar arrangements exist with other members of the SIGINT community. Recently, for example, members of New Zealand's GCSB have begun serving postings at CSE.


[1] UK-US SIGINT co-operation began in 1940 and was formalized on 17 May 1943 with the conclusion of the still-secret, and possibly still-active, BRUSA COMINT agreement (Desmond Ball and Jeffrey Richelson, The Ties That Bind: Intelligence Cooperation Between the UKUSA Countries, Allen and Unwin, 1985, pp. 137-8.).

[2] Jeffrey Richelson, The U.S. Intelligence Community (second edition), Ballinger, 1989, p. 283.

[3] Kevin O'Neill, ed., History of CBNRC, 1987, Chapter 2, p. 3, released in severed form under Access to Information Act. The same source states that the Chiefs of Staff Committee had already approved the continuation of "SIGINT activities in peacetime" once before, in September 1945. The War Diaries of the Royal Canadian Corps of Signals Special Wireless Stations also provide evidence that at least some preliminary approval of post-war activities had taken place before March 1946. For example, a new "Alford cage" antenna system was constructed and put into service at Grande Prairie in February 1946 (War Diary: No. 2 Special Wireless Station, entry for 14 February 1946, Canadian Forces Communications and Electronics Museum collection).

[4] History of CBNRC, Chapter 1, p. 1.

[5] Wesley Wark, "Cryptographic Innocence: The Origins of Signals Intelligence in Canada in the Second World War," Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 22 (1987), p. 659.

[6] The Ties That Bind, pp. 142-143; J.L. Granatstein and David Stafford, Spy Wars: Espionage and Canada from Gouzenko to Glasnost, Key Porter, 1990, p. 45; Christopher Andrew, "The Growth of the Australian Intelligence Community and the Anglo-American Connection," Intelligence and National Security, April 1989, pp. 221-255.

[7] The Ties That Bind, p. 142. Although most sources date the UKUSA agreement to 1947, recently some sources have suggested that it actually dates from 1948. See, for example, "The Growth of the Australian Intelligence Community and the Anglo-American Connection," pp. 223-224, and Peter Wright, Spycatcher: The Candid Autobiography of a Senior Intelligence Officer, Stoddart, 1987.

[8] Some sources list Canada as a "Second Party" to the agreement (see, for example, The U.S. Intelligence Community, p. 267.). Apparently, however, Canada is not a signatory of the UKUSA agreement itself. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau stated this explicitly in 1974 (House of Commons Debates, 10 January 1974, p. 9227.). Former CSE Chief Kevin O'Neill told author James Littleton that "the UKUSA agreements directly link the United Kingdom and the United States. Canada is involved in a less formal way. The agreements to which Canada is a party do not exist on paper. There is no one document spelling out their terms. But they do nonetheless exist as an understanding among the SIGINT organizations of the five English-speaking nations." (James Littleton, Target Nation: Canada and the Western Intelligence Network, Lester and Orpen Dennys, 1986, p. 95.) Canadian participation in the broader UKUSA alliance was confirmed by the Hon. C.M. (Bud) Drury in 1975 (C.M. Drury, testimony, Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence of the Standing Committee on Miscellaneous Estimates, 24 March 1975, p. 18:20.). In addition, in 1995, the Deputy Clerk, Security and Intelligence, formally confirmed that "Canada collaborates with some of its closest and long-standing allies in the exchange of foreign intelligence... These countries and the responsible agencies in each are the U.S. (National Security Agency), the U.K. (Government Communications Headquarters), Australia (Defence Signals Directorate), and New Zealand (Government Communications Security Branch [sic])." (Statement by Deputy Clerk, Security and Intelligence, to Standing Committee on National Defence and Veterans Affairs, 2 May 1995.)

[9] Seymour Hersh, "The Target Is Destroyed": What Really Happened to Flight 007 and What America Knew About It, Vintage, 1987, originally published by Random House (1986), p. 67n.

[10] The Ties That Bind, p. 143. CSE's role has been confirmed by former SRS member Larry Clark: "We monitor all Communist bloc nations but we are primarily tasked with monitoring the U.S.S.R. -- and within that we focus on the northern part" (quoted in "Our electronic spying hides behind cover stories," Bob Gilmour, Edmonton Journal, 26 October 1982, p. A2.). See also "The Target is Destroyed", p. 67n, and John Sawatsky, Men in the Shadows: The RCMP Security Service, Doubleday Canada, 1980, p. 9n.

[11] The Ties That Bind, p. 144.

[12] The U.S. Intelligence Community , p. 417.

[13] Security (Canada Communication Group - Publishing cat. no. BT52-6/3), Treasury Board, 1991, pp. 5-6.

[14] Brig. Gen. Walter Agee, USAF, Acting Deputy Director of Intelligence, "Memorandum for the Coordinator of Joint Operations: Proposed U.S.-Canadian Agreement," 7 June 1948. It seems likely that these elements were not significantly changed in the final version of the agreement.

[15] David J. Bercuson and J.L. Granatstein, The Dictionary of Canadian Military History, Oxford University Press, 1992, p. 43. A "Security Agreement between Canada and the United States of America", signed 15 September 1950, may have been related to the CANUSA agreement or to arrangements arising from it, however (see The U.S. Intelligence Community, p. 273.).

[16] CWO D. Cox, "Gander, Newfoundland, and Canadian Forces Station Gander," Communications and Electronics Newsletter, Canadian Forces Communication Command, 1975, p. 14.

Advanced TSCM Signals Detection and Analysis
TSCM - Sweeping the Spectrum for Eavesdropping Devices

Any comments or questions regarding this specific page?

Please feel free to sign our Guest Book

E-mail Address  
Web Page
Street Address
City (optional) State Zip
Country (optional)
Phone (optional)
How did you hear about this site or page?
Do you need to have a bug sweep or other TSCM service performed?
Do you need any TSCM equipment?

| Home | What is TSCM | Types of Bugs | Warning Signs You're Bugged |
| How To Behave if Bugged | TSCM Threat Levels | How To Engage a TSCM Firm |
| Qualifications | TSCM Protocol | Bug Frequencies | Phone Taps and Bugging |
| Signal Analysis | TDR Analysis | TDR Tutorial | Wiretapping | Training | Tools |
| Equipment | OSC-5000 | Kaiser | Riser Bond | Avcom | Search Rcvrs |
| Outside Links | Recommended TSCM Books | TSCM Reference Library |
| Recommended U.S. TSCM Firms | TSCM-L Mailing List |


    To be contacted for a confidential consultation
    please E-mail: jmatk@tscm.com

    or send a letter via US Mail to:
    James M. Atkinson
    Granite Island Group
    127 Eastern Avenue #291
    Gloucester, MA 01931-8008

    or call:
    Telephone: (978) 546-3803 / Fax: (978) 546-9467

    URL: http://www.tscm.com/

Copyright ©2002, Granite Island Group