viagra livitra cialis was frau viagra azithromycin walmart pharmacy buspirone vs buspirone extended estradiol anemia tiempo de espera viagra doxycycline 20 cent does azithromycin get old cialis myyd? can i use levitra and vacuum pump together taking viagra with painkillers will neurontin help arthritis pain what to expect when taking lisinopril uses for atarax 25 mg cialis and beta blocker cena na zyprexa v balgariq topamax free medication does neurontin cause panic attacks free 30 day trial for cialis. what supplements should not be taken with wellbutrin staying off lexapro viagra reactions metoprolol and pregnancy risk paxil mf 20 mg novagra forte sildenafil citrate bactrim sun exposure rash comprar pastillas cytotec quito orlistate 120mg como tomar does accutane work instantly switching from risperidone to abilify finasteride india pharmacy can i use nolvadex alone costa allegra conditions levofloxacin for bladder infection panotile cipro haltbarkeit lamisil tablets toenail fungus clopidogrel monitoring platelet function blood pressure medicine lasix super cheap viagra lexapro pill looks like viagra istumbul j code for iv flagyl rebecca rjomin clomid twins amoxicillin instructions how to take can i take ranitidine with zofran female viagra fda approved products diet pills heart viagra de echte rare tamoxifen side effects wunschkinder metformin celebrex urinary tract infection keflex doesnt work doxycycline and throat irritation endoprotesis aortica clopidogrel atorvastatin tablets used for ciprofloxacin treating std lisinopril and gfr harga obat azithromycin500mg rustybrick com viagra montelukast 4 mg nombre original can i take a cialis a day after viagra can i take aleve while on cipro taking too much synthroid online azithromycin no prescription can you take 2 cialis 20mg pills at once buy ketoconazole cream australia branded levothyroxine uk indicaciones del plavix getting high on zofran lamisil cream price in rupees how to use cialis first time allopurinol gnr indications contre m?dicament young age viagra pharmacy customer care cialis ampicillin mims indonesia pfizer viagra kullanimi clomid longer periods misoprostol dia despues classification levitra cialis paypal accepted uk can i take viagra with out gettin hard immedately diet for prednisone kamagra jelly hoe innemen estradiol como bajarlo tadalafil pregnant zyvox and neuropathy levothyroxine and adderall xr medicine famvir used ilosone 250 mg dosis is doxycycline capsules helpful in cough metronidazole tamil meaning diflucan recurrent yeast infections free albuterol coupons allegra downtown green bay wi amantadine and zyprexa zovirax et aciclovir orlistat xenical sold in nigeria cialis 2.5 mg buy online drug interactions celexa trazodone what time of day should i take zoloft pregnancy class of azithromycin sandoz bupropion sr 150 mg cephalosporins cephalexin long term effects of albuterol como usar tamoxifeno estradiol beckman coulter after orgasm does viagra common dose of zofran levaquin twice a day glucophage no prescription needed viagra brak wytrysku finasteride 1 mg spc contradictions to conceiving when husband uses viagra prednisone vitamin d calcium amitriptyline bahasa indonesia ventolin 2 5mg clomipramine side effects hair loss nizoral shampoo blue kelebihan dan kekurangan cialis donde comprar sildenafil argentina zithromax for cold effexor vs lexapro review information on tadalafil sildenafil in heart failure wellbutrin xl tabs 4 days late clomid viagra in stoke on trebt sildenafil forms is it ok to take viagra then jack off. xenical peru precio does generic plavix exist is there penicillin in doxycycline hyclate gabapentin tramadol together dogs flagyl gram negative coverage harga obat ofloxacin 400 mg zithromax dosage gonorrhea dosing for ondansetron iv can i ejaculate more than once on viagra pregnant while taking seroquel doxycycline liquid for dogs 40 mg escitalopram in pain abilify otsuka bristol increased anxiety on abilify ampicillin and flucloxacillin estradiol whartisthebestin discount amoxicillin for parotid gland infection aripiprazole vs brexpiprazole propecia prescription dubai finasteride puberty is 200 mcg synthroid too much lipitor affect blood pressure strattera poids spironolactone and aczone what happens if i drink alcohol while taking wellbutrin will viagra work if im taking loratab use of indapamide finasteride dutasteride juntos amoxicillin online shop nz niacinamide accutane going out to dinner viagra synthroid vs. bioidentical thyroid high bp cialis dose of erythromycin in infants septra acne drink alcohol how long does metronidazole take to cure gum infection misoprostol in singapore sildenafil price boots metoprolol succinate and cough bactrim modo de uso what is stronger than viagra nexium pharmacodynamics viagra jet no brasil costa allegra tragedia adco atenolol tablets blood pressure reduction with metoprolol acyclovir gives me headaches zyprexa en mexico quitting zyprexa withdrawal clomid hormone injections levitra nl online fast delivery how long can you stay on gabapentin cialis seus efeitos colaterais taking two 50 mg viagra instead of is periactin over the counter nursing interventions antidepressants vardenafil guercmorteo overnight montelukast and joints viagra results side effects cura per la candida diflucan flagyl how many ml for kitten metformin para quedar embarazada 112 mcg levothyroxine xenical orlistat where to buy in australia linezolid oral cost neurontin tachycardia can i take ibuprofen while taking clomid lamisil once toenail fungus effect of topamax on ph of urine tiroides y finasteride khasiat cytotec lengkap amoxicillin and demazin metformin fda label cialis warszawa praga finasteride 1 mg colombia dispersal and bactrim tremors cialis menor preco levothyroxine swollen face active ingredient in premarin bactrim pneumococcus pain with ovulation clomid flagyl in diverticulitis buy viagra in uk no prescription can zithromax treat meningitis noretisterona y estradiol nombre comercial sildenafil succo di pompelmo cialis est il en vente libre en pharmacie synthroid was ist das how much is bupropion without insurance where to buy viagra in hyderabad shops cfr mediated linezolid resistance low cost cipro roma missed my lexapro dose why does doxycycline make you sick xenical barcelona pharmacy cd 24 on clomid cheese like discharge fevarin i zyprexa amostras gratis de cialis cymbalta introduced is atomoxetine a controlled drug metformin gr cialis 20mg filmtabletten lilly deutschland gmbh buspirone hydrochloride wiki how is cialis 5mg packaged does furosemide cause anemia anxiety and lexapro success what is the daily dosage of cialis does wellbutrin help with hot flashes tetracycline ou doxycycline liquid viagra in dublin baclofen for rsd code recharge mobicarte gratuite what is drug lisinopril does amoxicillin give infants diarrhea indapamide pharmacokinetic properties buspar what is sertraline tramadol cialis india pharmacy paxil divorce does valtrex help hsv1 from spreading orange france mobicarte internet max how does viagra work yahoo polygynax ou flagyl doxycycline what does it treat norethisterone ethinyl estradiol micropil viagra headquarters bushes cytotec y para que sirve is strattera similar to ritalin escitalopram and omeprazole interaction tetracycline ruined my life can i take lexapro and lorazepam together viagra overnight delivery amoxicillin 500 mg price in toronto strep throat azithromycin liquid dose citalopram es igual que escitalopram bupropion and anorexia cialis 5 mg miami does finasteride age you cialis para que se utiliza azithromycin lactose free prednisone skin tenderness indocin black box warning mixing celexa and adipex stromectol gale contagion keflex standard dose atenolol ? diur?tico diflucan trichomonas neurontin for norco withdrawal ethinyl estradiol 0.02 mg gestodene 0.075 mg erythromycin conversion lioresal comprimidos precio atorvastatin ez how to buy clomid 150mg online azithromycin with zoloft albuterol sulfate hoarseness baby appetite loss with prednisone new generation viagra wellbutrin sr cutting in half does augmentin cause insomnia levaquin optic neuritis doxycycline left out of refrigerator pink nolvadex pills what mg are they can augmentin cause thrush coumadin with viagra levaquin settlement update how many days does azithromycin stay in your system baby on nexium can ramipril affect viagra if clomid things my uterus what can i take fake cialis lilly icos philippines can tetracycline treat stye strattera gastric bypass finpecia 1mg vs 5mg generic cialis versus original cialis ciprofloxacin cefixime nursing implications for clomid synthroid zinc interaction price of viagra without perscripotion xenical abnehmen forum wie heeft ervaring met kamagra how does thyroxine coordinate body functions levitra 10 mg bestellen aquafish amoxicillin seroquel more drug uses how does neurontin work for nerve pain can i enhance cialis effects of taking zoloft if your not depressed metformin and feeling hungry generic levitra 10 mg order levofloxacin 250 mg used gabapentin nota 04 doxycycline 100 mg capsule side effects gabapentin and slurred speech doxycycline effects on blood tests propecia blonde hair zyprexa en puerto rico kamagra stockists in u.k cialis how long to effect panting in dogs prednisone viagra medicine in pakistan what wrong with seroquel acheter du levitra en ligne dostinex opis metronide tablets side effects taken with nexium cheap tadalafil 20mg wellbutrin patent expiration date allopurinol rash frequency levofloxacin liquid vial cialis review levitra albuterol sulfate 2.5 mg nebulized clomid j 29 what does cialis tablets look like withdrawal effects of taking prednisone short term tips for going off zoloft propecia tablets for sale cephalexin for bladder infection in dogs headache and cialis is doxycycline used to treat strep throat symptoms of pregnancy while on metformin fluconazole and verapamil will my doctor give me cialis how much is levitra cost at walgreens sinus infection resistant to cipro can the effects of propecia be reversible aciclovir em comprimidos funciona how to safely stop taking metoprolol propecia veterans affairs chances of getting pregnant with husband propecia cialis causes lower blood pressure mixing methadone and celexa what is a diet pill coupons seroquel xr can you treat uti with metronidazole can you cut an allegra pill in half ciprofloxacina contiene penicilina flagyl and tindamax amoxil guercmorteo price can you take doxycycline with dairy products abilify energy level sinus infection doxycycline 100mg how long do you need to stay on lexapro zoloft dosage 10 mg kamagra 1oo gm price how long clopidogrel after nstemi will cilis work while taking paxil interaction coumadin and prednisone molecular science cialis celexa with wellbutrin reviews pomada oftalmica cloridrato de ciprofloxacino viagra brand usa cephalexin infected pimple paxil impotence permanent chick fucked by viagra gabapentin revolution health common reactions to prednisone nolvadex na retencje purchase doxycycline no prescription uk acid diet effects pill stomach albuterol side effects long term use taking ciprofloxacin empty stomach doxycycline 100mg cause weight loss will keflex help a kidney infection under arm viagra online viagra in usa levitra bardenafil spironolactone 200 mg hirsutism reviews keflex for chronic uti do i have to take plavix what is ventolin hfa prescribed for prednisone for sinus polyps ultram maxalt is bactrim used for prostatitis tinidazole ppt rash on face valtrex metformin with folic acid how long would to get 5mg cialis out of your system nursing considerations for diflucan nuovo farmaco viagra site kamagra forum avodart oral side effects seroquel 25 anziani how to take cialis for the first time ciprofloxacin alkaline phosphatase very little bleeding after taking misoprostol what happens if you are allergic to bactrim dosis de cytotec a las 8 semanas cytotec di cheras levitra potente procedimiento para usar las pastillas cytotec effets secondaires viagra et cialis conseguir cytotec en chile zoloft fertility male cialis effetti collaterale diflucan tablet karachi canine yeast infection and doxycycline tetracycline soy milk allegra lamictal lopressor whartisthebestin uses lamisil approved zofran gravol tamoxifen stop taking clomid cramps and bleeding 5 mg abilify side effects buspirone general anxiety disorder ciprofloxacina proflox 500mg the doctor that prescribes viagra can you take cipro and advil zoloft withdrawal long last wirkt viagra bei frauen auch what is the best viagra for the younger crowd reviews adalat drama 31 dec nurofen vs celebrex acheter cytotec ivg sandoz tamsulosin cr effets secondaires cialis steady state gabapentin adenocarcinomas titrate abilify cipro 500mg bladder infection discounted wellbutrin orlistat antes o despues de comer alternative for amoxicillin thuoc tay atorvastatin 20 mg aldactone et demangeaison azithromycin 1 gm powder packet price can azithromycin treat group b strep clopidogrel resistance ethnicity lipitor de 20 miligramos does ciprofloxacin cure pneumonia does valtrex help fever blisters levitra awp amoxicillin in egypt viagra generic nicosia buy quanto tempo devo tomar dostinex el aciclovir sirve para los mezquinos is cialis daily covered by insurance diet pill available ciprofloxacin for bali belly getting pregnant on first clomid cycle maintenance dose of thyroxine fincare planning pty ltd accutane class action lawsuit atorvastatin lawsuits estradiol effect on fetus what is bactrim medicine what women think of fucking on viagra hydrochlorothiazide and drug testing fluconazole ringworm dogs drinking albuterol inhalation solution adalat bivirkninger caffeine and cipro finasteride frontal hairline levitra cialis of viagra what is clopidogrel therapy effect of ciprotab 500 is used to cipro treats cellulitis celecoxib ssri can valtrex be used for fever blisters prazosin amlodipine hoe lang blijft doxycycline in je lichaam what is the drug linezolid effets secondaires du flagyl chez le chien allegra 70 ct walmart where can i buy zithromax 1 gram oral packet paxil lustral farki apotex side effects atorvastatin li private uk viagra prescription li escitalopram oxalate 10 mg get me high will reducing lexapro dosage make me add weight knochenschmerzen mit tamoxifen what is the function of thyroxine recomendaciones para tomar viagra

Canadian Forces Station Alert

CFS Alert, located on the north coast of Ellesmere Island in the Northwest Territories, is the "most northern permanently inhabited settlement in the world."[1] Established on an experimental basis by the RCAF in 1956, it was taken over by the RCCS in September 1958. In 1958, the station complement was only 29 personnel, but by 1959 it had grown to 92, by 1970 it had grown to "about 200," and by the late 1980s it had grown to "approximately 220" personnel. The station's current complement is reported to be "approximately 180 military positions," of which as many as 110 are members of the Communicator Research trade (intercept operators).[2] In February 1994, it was announced that Alert will be converted to remote operations by 1997-98, reducing its complement by about 90%.[3]

Alert is the Supplementary Radio System's "hardship" post. No family members are permitted to live at the station, and postings are six months long, with no leave. Communications researchers are "virtually guaranteed" to serve a tour at Alert every four years.[4]

As of February 1980, a special Alert allowance is paid to personnel doing second or subsequent tours. In addition, as of 26 November 1992, the Special Service Medal is awarded to personnel who have completed 180 days of honourable service at the station (including all service since 1 September 1958).[5]

Until 1980, only men were permitted to be posted to Alert; as a result of this policy, no women were allowed in the Communications Research trade. In September 1980, however, DND began trial postings of a small number of women at Alert, and, in May 1983, as a result of the success of those trials, the employment of women at Alert was authorized and the Communications Research trade was opened to women.[6]

Equipment and capabilities

Alert is Canada's most important intercept station for monitoring the former Soviet Union. During the Cold War, it was responsible for collecting the intercepts that probably constituted the most important Canadian contribution to the UKUSA community. Little has been said about Alert's monitoring responsibilities, but it is likely that the Soviet air force and air defence forces were among its most important targets, and that the Russian successors of these forces remain major targets. According to one newspaper account, Canadian personnel at Alert also "intercept and record radio transmissions from... China and other countries."[7]

The intercept antennae at the station include a variety of high frequency (HF) and very high frequency (VHF) antennae, and one large high frequency direction finding (HF-DF) circularly-disposed antenna array (CDAA). The CDAA at Alert is a Pusher system, laid out in two concentric rings of antennae (the outer ring approximately 120 metres in diameter), each containing 24 dipoles, and all connected to a goniometer located in the centre of the array.[8] This system can monitor the entire HF radio frequency band, from 1.5 MHz to 30 MHz.

Work is continuing to improve the capabilities of this system. Late in 1992, a $55,294 contract was awarded to Paramax Canada to undertake research to increase the accuracy of HF-DF operations at Alert and, early in 1993, a $96,739 contract was awarded to McMaster University for work on "robust" HF-DF in the arctic.[9]

The station's communications researchers work in the operations building, Polaris Hall, which has been described as "the heart and pulsebeat of Station Alert... Only those personnel possessing a high security clearance designation are permitted access to the building." Completed in 1980, Polaris Hall cost approximately $2.6 million to build.[10]

The High Arctic Data Communications System (HADCS), also known as the Hurricane Data Link, is the station's primary communications link with the south. The construction of the HADCS, known as Project Hurricane, was completed in 1982. The system is a "two-way, medium-data-rate communications system" composed of six unattended microwave repeater stations that connect Alert to Eureka (another site on Ellesmere Island) and a satellite link that connects Eureka to the Sir Leonard Tilley building in Ottawa (probably CSE's satellite dish at Confederation Heights, installed late in 1981 or early in 1982). The Eureka site is required because Alert is too far north to communicate directly with geostationary satellites; even at Eureka it is necessary to use two large, widely separated, antennas to achieve signal path diversity. Maintenance of the system is conducted once a year: "Each summer, in a month-long exercise known as 'Operation Hurricane,' military technicians and support personnel are deployed by helicopters to the northern part of Ellesmere Island to repair and resupply the otherwise unattended system."[11]

Preliminary work is currently underway on a replacement system, the HADCS II project.

Due to the limited capacity of the HADCS, most of the SIGINT collected at Alert is taken out on data tapes on the weekly Hercules flights that serve the station.[12] This, in fact, may be the reason that the flights are so frequent. In addition to weekly Hercules flights, three major airlifts of fuel and other supplies are conducted every year from Thule, Greenland, under the name Operation Boxtop.[13]

Endnotes

[1] CFS Alert introductory booklet (no title), National Defence, ca. 1988, p. 1, released under the Access to Information Act.

[2] Description of Alert, no date, Canadian Forces Communications and Electronics Museum collection; "Alert on top of the world," Sentinel, November-December 1970, p. 20; CFS Alert introductory booklet, p. 4; Maj John Fedoruk, "They are heroes too," Sentinel, 1992/4, p. 28; "Canadian Forces Station Alert, N.W.T.," Backgrounder, National Defence, February 1994. During the period 1980-1983, there were normally 110-112 members of the Communicator Research trade at Alert, out of a total station complement of about 204 (Maj R.E. Park, Final Report of the Social/Behavioural Science Evaluation of the SWINTER Alert Trial, Research Report 84-1, National Defence, July 1984, pp. 3 and 47.).

[3] "Canadian Forces Station Alert, N.W.T.," February 1994.

[4] Capt Gerald Baril, "Room at the Top," Sentinel, 1980/3, p. 8.

[5] CFS Alert introductory booklet, p. 14; P.C. 1992-2435 (26 November 1992), registered in Canada Gazette Part II, Vol. 126, No. 26, 16 December 1992, p. 5133.

[6] Final Report of the Social/Behavioural Science Evaluation of the SWINTER Alert Trial, pp. 2, 36. The Communications Research trade has long functioned as a major "feeder group" for recruitment into CSE. The men-only policy for the trade, instituted some time after the Second World War, had the effect of freezing women out of one of the most important routes into CSE, thus contributing to the sexism and "ghettoization" of women employees that have been reported within CSE.

[7] "Northernmost weather station called major link for espionage," Globe and Mail, 12 January 1974, p. 11.

[8] Air photo A26984-107, National Air Photo Library.

[9] See descriptions of contract W8477-2-CC08 listed in Government Business Opportunities, 15 September 1992, p. 19 and Government Business Opportunities, 27 January 1993, p. 47, and contract W7714-2-9669 listed in Government Business Opportunities, 18 June 1993, p. 50.

[10] Michael Stephenson, "High Arctic Watch," The Beaver, Spring 1982, pp. 22-23; Government Activities in the North 1980-1981, Indian and Northern Affairs, 1981, p. 120; 1977-78 Supplementary Estimates (A), 1977, p. 72.

[11] Government Activities in the North 1982-1983, 1983, p. 63; G.D. Nagy, Power Supplies For Arctic Radio Repeater Systems, Report No. 787, Defence Research Establishment Ottawa, September 1978, p. 1; Government Activities in the North 1981-1982, 1982, p. 115; description of contract W0003-2-AA11 listed in Government Business Opportunities, 19 May 1993, p. 8; "North of 60 -- The Canadian Military in the Arctic," Backgrounder, National Defence, October 1985.

[12] The same procedure is used at Pine Gap (Alice Springs, Australia): "Since 1969, there have been scheduled twice-weekly C- 141 Starlifter flights through Alice Springs. Additional C-141 and C-5A Galaxy flights occur less regularly but still relatively frequently, particularly during periods of major construction activity at the facility. The purpose of these flights is two-fold: first, to deliver equipment and supplies for the facility; and second, in the case of the Starlifters, to collect the thousands of reels of tapes of SIGINT recorded at Pine Gap each week, which are sent back to the United States for further processing and analysis. These flights are an integral part of the security of Pine Gap's operations. Mission-related data is transmitted directly to the United States as rarely as possible, in order to deny the Soviets the possibility of intercepting the signals and hence determining the capabilities of the US geostationary SIGINT satellites and taking measures to counter their operations. Air transport provides the only means of secure and expeditious delivery of the SIGINT to the United States." (Desmond Ball, Pine Gap: Australia and the US geostationary signals intelligence satellite program, Allen and Unwin, 1988, p. 74.)

[13] Defence 89, National Defence, 1990, p. 59.

Advanced TSCM Signals Detection and Analysis
TSCM - Sweeping the Spectrum for Eavesdropping Devices

Any comments or questions regarding this specific page?

Please feel free to sign our Guest Book

Name
Company
Position/Title
 
E-mail Address  
Web Page
 
Street Address
(optional)
City (optional) State Zip
Country (optional)
Phone (optional)
 
How did you hear about this site or page?
Do you need to have a bug sweep or other TSCM service performed?
Do you need any TSCM equipment?
 
Comments



| Home | What is TSCM | Types of Bugs | Warning Signs You're Bugged |
| How To Behave if Bugged | TSCM Threat Levels | How To Engage a TSCM Firm |
| Qualifications | TSCM Protocol | Bug Frequencies | Phone Taps and Bugging |
| Signal Analysis | TDR Analysis | TDR Tutorial | Wiretapping | Training | Tools |
| Equipment | OSC-5000 | Kaiser | Riser Bond | Avcom | Search Rcvrs |
| Outside Links | Recommended TSCM Books | TSCM Reference Library |
| Recommended U.S. TSCM Firms | TSCM-L Mailing List |


-----------------------

    To be contacted for a confidential consultation
    please E-mail: jmatk@tscm.com

    or send a letter via US Mail to:
    James M. Atkinson
    Granite Island Group
    127 Eastern Avenue #291
    Gloucester, MA 01931-8008

    or call:
    Telephone: (978) 546-3803 / Fax: (978) 546-9467

    URL: http://www.tscm.com/

Copyright ©2002, Granite Island Group